With summer arriving, gardeners can expect much warmer temperatures and long sunny days. Some days can easily reach over 25 degrees, so shading and watering young plants regularly during hot weather is essential.
Gardens will now be filled with colour, so much of the work to do will be about maintaining plants, including watering, keeping an eye out for pests and pruning – keeping on top of these jobs are vital if for those who want to have healthy, continuous blooms throughout the summer and well into the autumn season.
William Mitchell of Sutton Manor Nursery has shared his top gardening tasks to complete this month. He said: “June marks the true start of the summer weather. With this increase in temperature, it is hugely important to keep on top of your garden maintenance. There are a huge amount of gardening jobs you must look to complete this month if you want to stop your plants from dying.”
1. Water plants daily in warm weather
June is a month when the temperatures begin to rise and the summer weather that Britons have been waiting for nearly a year starts to arrive.
William explained: “It is not uncommon for there to be an extended period of dryness in June. So it is hugely important to keep on top of the watering of your plants to make sure that they get the nutrients that they need and to also stop them from drying out and as a result, dying.”
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It is said that watering in the morning has more benefits for plants. This is because gardeners want to avoid full sunlight and help to prepare plants for the day ahead.
However, failing this, gardeners can also water them in the early evening as it gives them time to dry out and uptake water via the roots.
2. Prune spring-flowering shrubs
Pruning in the spring months is “very important” as it helps to make way for more growth and “encourages more flowers and colourful stems” on a huge variety of plants.
William said: “The spring-flowering shrubs you should focus on pruning are ornamental flowering shrubs like rhododendrons, lilacs, forsythias and viburnums. It is very important to bloom these particular plants once their blossoms have faded.”
Gardeners should also remove old flower deadheads and cut back to just outward-facing, healthy bulbs. Also make sure to remove damaged, diseased, old wood and straggly growth.
3. Watch out for snails
Snails are undoubtedly one of the biggest nuisances in a garden as they regularly feed on young leaves leaving behind irregular holes in the plant’s tissue. When the shoots and leaves of these young plants are damaged the “plants unfortunately do not stand much chance and more often than not, die”.
Due to this, the expert claims that it is “very important to try and reduce the snail population” in gardens. Snails will tend to be more prominent after patches of wet weather, so going out looking for them after wet weather is recommended.
To check for snails, William said: “You should always look out for damage on leaves such as large, ragged holes. You may also see trails of mucus in your garden, this is a sign of snail population.”
4. Stake any tall or floppy plants
There are many common garden plants out there that benefit greatly from an element of plant support. Attaching the plants to stakes will help them to become “more full” for the heights of the summer season.
The expert said: “Plants that commonly benefit from staking are dahlias, delphiniums, peonies and lilies. These are very common in most gardens so keeping them safe and sturdy is hugely important.”
5. Position summer hanging baskets outside
Until this point in time, hanging baskets should have resided indoors whether that be in homes or in a greenhouse. This was to help protect them from any potential late frosts that could be “detrimental to the plant’s growth”.
With the temperature now on the rise and the risk of any late frosts unlikely, the plants will start to see more benefits from being outside in the natural environment.